Sharon Bradford Franklin
Chair, February 2022 - Present
Sharon Bradford Franklin is Chair of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board.
Prior to her appointment as Chair, Ms. Franklin served as Co-Director of the Security and Surveillance Project at the Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT), leading advocacy on a broad range of issues involving surveillance, cybersecurity, encryption, civil liberties, and civil rights. Previously, she was the Policy Director for New America’s Open Technology Institute (OTI), directing OTI’s policy work on issues including cybersecurity, encryption, freedom of expression online, government surveillance, privacy, and platform accountability.
From 2013 through 2017, Ms. Franklin served as Executive Director of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. She supervised and directed the PCLOB’s staff in reviewing federal counterterrorism activities in support of the Board’s mission to ensure that such programs include appropriate safeguards for privacy and civil liberties.
Ms. Franklin previously served as Senior Counsel at the Constitution Project, a nonprofit legal watchdog group, where her work included participating as a member of the Cybersecurity Subcommittee for the Department of Homeland Security’s Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee. She has also served as a Trial Attorney in the Housing & Civil Enforcement Section of the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, worked on civil rights policy matters as Special Counsel in the Office of General Counsel at the Federal Communications Commission, and served as Executive Director of the Washington Council of Lawyers.
Ms. Franklin began her legal career as a judicial law clerk to the Honorable Jane R. Roth. She graduated from Harvard College and Yale Law School.
Edward W. Felten
Board Member, October 2018 - Present
Edward W. Felten is a Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. He is also the Robert E. Kahn Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs at Princeton University, and the Director of Princeton’s Center for Information Technology Policy. He previously served as Deputy United States Chief Technology Officer at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and as Chief Technologist at the Federal Trade Commission. Felten has served as a consultant or advisor to the U.S. Departments of Commerce, Defense, Homeland Security, and Justice. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He holds a B.S. with honors from the California Institute of Technology, and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Washington.
Mr. Felten’s current term ends on January 29, 2025.
Board Member, July 2019 - Present
Travis LeBlanc is a Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. He is also a partner and vice chair of the cyber/data/privacy practice at Cooley LLP in Washington and San Francisco. Before his confirmation to the Board, Mr. LeBlanc was appointed by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the European Commission to serve as an arbitrator under the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework.
Mr. LeBlanc was chief of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) Enforcement Bureau during the Obama administration. He previously served as a senior adviser to former California Attorney General Kamala D. Harris and as special assistant attorney general of California. Prior to his California roles, he served during the Obama administration as an attorney in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel, worked in private practice, and clerked for the Hon. Stephen Reinhardt on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit.
Mr. LeBlanc is a member of the American Law Institute. He holds an A.B. with honors from Princeton University, M.P.A. from Harvard University, J.D. from The Yale Law School, and an LL.M. from the University of Cambridge.
Beth A. Williams
Board Member, February 2022 - Present
Beth A. Williams is a Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board.
Ms. Williams previously served as Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Policy at the United States Department of Justice from August 2017 to December 2020. In that role, she served as the primary policy advisor to the Attorney General and the Deputy Attorney General, and as the Chief Regulatory Officer for the Department. Ms. Williams also led the judicial nomination process for the Department, assisting in the selection and confirmation of more than 230 Article III judges to the bench.
Prior to becoming Assistant Attorney General, Ms. Williams was a litigation and appellate partner at Kirkland & Ellis LLP, where her practice focused on complex commercial, securities, and First Amendment litigation.
From 2005-2006, Ms. Williams served as Special Counsel to the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, where she assisted with the confirmation of Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. and Associate Justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr. to the United States Supreme Court.
Ms. Williams clerked for the Hon. Richard C. Wesley on the United State Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She graduated from Harvard College magna cum laude, with a degree in History and Literature, and she earned her law degree from Harvard Law School, where she served as Executive Editor of the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy.
Richard E. DiZinno
Board Member, September 2022 - Present
Richard E. DiZinno is a Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. He also serves as Vice President of the National Insurance Crime Bureau. He previously served as Associate Deputy Attorney General for the U.S. Department of Justice, handling a broad array of national security issues.
From 2017 to 2020, Mr. DiZinno served as the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee’s Chief Counsel for National Security and Crime, handling the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, the USA PATRIOT Act, Fourth and Fifth Amendment issues, and cybersecurity, among other things. From 2009 to 2017, Mr. DiZinno served as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia, including in the National Security Section. In that role, he tried over 50 bench and jury trials, and handled national security investigations involving international terrorism, export controls, and human trafficking. He also led multiple white-collar investigations involving public corruption, fraud, and identity theft.
From 2005 to 2009, Mr. DiZinno worked on antitrust and other litigation as an Associate at Howrey LLP. He graduated from Holy Cross College and George Washington University School of Law.
Former Board Members
Jane E. Nitze - Board Member, October 2018 - July 2021
Jane E. Nitze is a former Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. Before being appointed to the Board she was a fellow at Harvard Law School, where her areas of scholarly interests focused on separation of powers, the administrative state, and national security. Previously, Nitze was an attorney in the Office of Legal Counsel, an attorney in private practice, and a law clerk to Justices Neil M. Gorsuch and Sonia Sotomayor of the United States Supreme Court. She received her B.A. in physics and M.A. in statistics from Harvard University and her J.D. from Harvard Law School.
Adam I. Klein - Chairman, October 2018 - June 2021
Adam I. Klein is the former Chairman and Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. Before being appointed to the Board, Klein served as Robert M. Gates Senior Fellow at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), a bipartisan national security research institution in Washington. His research at CNAS focused on the intersection of national security policy and law, including government surveillance, counterterrorism, oversight, and transparency. Previously, Klein was an attorney at the law firm of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr, LLP and served as a law clerk to Justice Antonin Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court and Judge Brett Kavanaugh of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Klein has also worked on national security policy at the RAND Corporation and the 9/11 Public Discourse Project, the non-profit successor to the 9/11 Commission. He began his career as an aide to U.S. Representative C.W. “Bill” Young. Klein received his BA from Northwestern University and his JD from Columbia Law School. He is a former Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow and Robert Bosch Foundation Fellow in Berlin.
Aditya Bamzai - Board Member , July 2019 - January 2021
Aditya Bamzai is a former Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. He also teaches and writes about civil procedure, administrative law, federal courts, national security law and computer crime. He joined the University of Virginia School of Law’s faculty as an associate professor in June 2016. His work has been published or is forthcoming in the Yale Law Journal, the University of Chicago Law Review, the George Washington University Law Review and the Missouri Law Review, among other journals. He has argued cases relating to the separation of powers and national security in the U.S. Supreme Court, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review, D.C. Circuit and other federal courts of appeals.
Before entering the academy, Bamzai served as an attorney-adviser in the Office of Legal Counsel of the U.S. Department of Justice, and as an appellate attorney in both private practice and for the National Security Division of the Department of Justice. Earlier in his career, he was a law clerk to Justice Antonin Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court and to Judge Jeffrey Sutton of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. He is a graduate of Yale University and of the University of Chicago Law School, where he was the editor-in-chief of the law review.
Mr. Bamzai’s term ended on January 29, 2020. The Board's statute, however, enabled him to continue to serve in a holdover status until the 116th Congress ended on January 3, 2021.
Elisebeth B. Collins - Board Member, August 2012 - December 2018
Elisebeth Collins served as a Board Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from August 2012 to December 15, 2018. Previously, Ms. Collins was an attorney at the law firms of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr LLP and Freeborn & Peters, LLP. Prior to that, she served as the Republican Chief Counsel, Supreme Court Nominations, for the Committee on the Judiciary in the United States Senate. After three years in various positions at the United States Department of Justice, Ms. Collins was unanimously confirmed in 2008 as Assistant Attorney General for Legal Policy. At the Department, she spearheaded initiatives and provided advice relating to national security, judicial nominations, DOJ regulations, civil justice, civil rights, violent crime and other issues. Before joining the Department, Ms. Collins was an associate at Cooper & Kirk, PLLC. Ms. Collins was a clerk to the Honorable Laurence H. Silberman of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, and to the Honorable Lee H. Rosenthal of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas. She holds a B.A. with honors from the University of Chicago and a J.D. cum laude from Harvard Law School.
Rachel L. Brand - Board Member, August 2012 - February 2017
Rachel Brand served as a Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from August 2012 - February 2017. Her prior government experience includes serving as the Assistant Attorney General for Legal Policy at the U.S. Department of Justice after being confirmed by the Senate and appointed by President George W. Bush. In that capacity, Ms. Brand served as chief policy adviser to the Attorney General, handling a broad range of national security, law enforcement, and civil justice issues. She also oversaw the development of all regulations promulgated by the Department of Justice and managed the Department’s role in selecting federal judges, including running the confirmation hearing preparation for Chief Justice John G. Roberts and Associate Justice Samuel Alito. Earlier, Ms. Brand served as Associate Counsel to President George W. Bush at the White House. She was a law clerk to Justice Anthony Kennedy of the Supreme Court of the United States and to Justice Charles Fried of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. In addition to her government service, Ms. Brand was the Vice President and Chief Counsel for Regulatory Litigation at the U.S. Chamber Litigation Center and practiced law with two firms in Washington, D.C. She has taught as an adjunct professor at George Washington University Law School. She is a member of the Board of Directors of Doorways for Women and Families, the Chairman of the Federalist Society’s Litigation Practice Group, and Co-chair of the American Bar Association’s Government Information and Right to Privacy Committee. Ms. Brand graduated from Harvard Law School, where she served as deputy editor-in-chief of the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, and earned a B.A. from the University of Minnesota-Morris.
James X. Dempsey - Board Member, August 2012 - January 2017
James Dempsey served as a Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from August 2012 - January 2017. He is also Executive Director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology at the UC Berkeley School of Law. From 1997 to 2014, Mr. Dempsey was at the Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT), a non-profit public policy organization. At CDT, he held a number of leadership positions, including Executive Director (2003-2005) and head of CDT’s San Francisco office (2005-2014). Prior to joining CDT, Mr. Dempsey served as Deputy Director of the non-profit Center for National Security Studies and Special Counsel to the National Security Archive. From 1985 to 1995, Mr. Dempsey was Assistant Counsel to the House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. From 1980 to 1984, he was an associate at Arnold & Porter, LLP. Mr. Dempsey clerked for Judge Robert Braucher of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. He has been a member of several bodies addressing privacy and national security issues, including the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, the Bill of Rights Defense Committee advisory board, the Industry Advisory Board for the National Counter-Terrorism Center, and the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Working Group, among others. He holds a B.A. from Yale University and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.
Patricia M. Wald - Board Member, August 2012 - January 2017
Patricia M. Wald served as a Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from August 2012 - January 2017. She served for twenty years on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, from 1979 to 1999, including five years as Chief Judge. Since that time, she has served in various capacities including as a Judge on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and a Member on the President’s Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the U.S. Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. Prior to joining the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District Court of Columbia, Ms. Wald was the Assistant Attorney General for Legislative Affairs at the Department of Justice. She also previously worked as an attorney at the Mental Health Law Project, the Center for Law and Social Policy, the Neighborhood Legal Services Program, the Office of Criminal Justice at the Department of Justice, and co-director of the Ford Foundation Drug Abuse Research Project. Ms. Wald is a member of the American Law Institute and the American Philosophical Society. Ms. Wald received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in November 2013. Ms. Wald clerked for the Honorable Jerome Frank on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and received her B.A. from the Connecticut College for Women and her J.D. from Yale Law School.
David Medine - Chairman, May 2013 - July 2016
David Medine served full-time as Chairman of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from May 27, 2013 to July 1, 2016. Previously, Mr. Medine was an Attorney Fellow for the Security and Exchange Commission and a Special Counsel at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. From 2002 to 2012, he was a partner in the law firm WilmerHale where his practice focused on privacy and data security, having previously served as a Senior Advisor to the White House National Economic Council from 2000 to 2001. From 1992 to 2000, Mr. Medine was the Associate Director for Financial Practices at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) where, in addition to enforcing financial privacy laws, he took the lead on Internet privacy, chaired a federal advisory committee on privacy issues, and was part of the team that negotiated a privacy safe harbor agreement with the European Union. Before joining the FTC, Mr. Medine taught at the Indiana University (Bloomington) School of Law and the George Washington University School of Law. Mr. Medine earned his B.A. from Hampshire College and his J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School.